Country Profiles

The Five Main Regions of Africa


North Africa (6)

Country Capital City Population Member Companies
Algeria (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria) Algiers 38,813,722 (2014) KPMG, Jotun, DLA Piper,

Area:
2,381,741 km2

GDP (PPP):
$215.7 BN (2013)

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$7.500 (2013)

Language:
Arabic (official), French (lingua france), Berber dialects

Religion:
Islam (99 %), other (1%) (2012)

Monetary Unit:
Algerian Dinar (DZD)

Imports:
$55.02 billion (2013)

Imports Commodities:
Capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Imports Partners:
France 12.8%, China 11.8%, Italy 10.3%, Spain 8.6%, Germany 5.2% (2012)

Exports:
$68.25 billion (2013)

Exports Commodities:
Petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%

Exports Partners:
Italy 16%, US 15%, Spain 10.9%, France 8.5%, Netherlands 7.3%, Canada 7.1%, UK 5.1%, Brazil 4.7% (2012)

Egypt (Arab Republic of Egypt) Cairo 86,895,099 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, DNV GL, Frank Partners, KPMG, Jotun, DLA Piper, Yara International,

Area:
1,001,450 km2

GDP (PPP):
$551.4 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$6,600

Language:
Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

Religion:
Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian 10%

Monetary Unit:
Egyptian pound (EGP)

Imports:
$59.22 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels

Imports Partners:
China 9.5%, US 7.6%, Germany 6.7%, Russia 5.3%, Ukraine 5.3%, Turkey 5.1%, Italy 5%

Exports:
$24.81 billion

Exports Commodities:
Crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food

Exports Partners:
Italy 7.9%, India 6.9%, US 6.8%, Saudi Arabia 6.2%, Turkey 5.3%, Libya 4.9%

Libya (Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) Tripoli 6,244,174 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, KPMG, Jotun, Yara International, Statoil,

Area:
1,759,540 km2

GDP (PPP):
$73.6 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$11,300

Language:
Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)

Religion:
Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%, Hindu <.1, Jewish <.1, folk religion <.1, unafilliated 0.2%, other <.1

Monetary Unit:
Libyan dinar (LYD)

Imports:
$27.15 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery, semi-finished goods, food, transport equipment, consumer products

Imports Partners:
China 13%, Turkey 11.6%, Italy 8.2%, Egypt 7.7%, Tunisia 6.6%, South Korea 5.8%, Greece 5.4%, Germany 4.6%

Exports:
$38.45 billion

Exports Commodities:
Crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas, chemicals

Exports Partners:
Italy 23.3%, Germany 12.4%, China 11.2%, France 9.7%, Spain 7.6%, UK 4.7%, US 4.5%

Morocco (Kingdom of Morocco) Rabat 32,987,206 Boston Consulting Group, KPMG, Jotun,

Area:
446,550 km2

GDP (PPP):
$180 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$5,500

Language:
Arabic (official), Berber languages (Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit), French

Religion:
Muslim 99% (official; virtually all Sunni, <.1% Shia), other 1%

Monetary Unit:
Moroccan dirham (MAD)

Imports:
$38.66 billion

Imports Commodities:
Crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics

Imports Partners:
Spain 13.1%, France 12.1%, China 6.9%, US 6.8%, Saudi Arabia 6.2%, Italy 5.1%, Russia 5%, Germany 4.9%

Exports:
$16.78 billion

Exports Commodities:
Clothing and textiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish

Exports Partners:
France 21%, Spain 17.3%, Brazil 5.4%, India 4.9%, US 4.6%

Tunisia (Tunisian Republic) Tunis 10,937,521 Sahara Forest Project, DNO International, KPMG, Makata Investment Services, Jotun,

Area:
163,610 km2

GDP (PPP):
$108.4 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$9,900

Language:
Arabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)

Religion:
Muslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) 1%

Monetary Unit:
Tunisian dinar (TND)

Imports:
$24.95 billion

Imports Commodities:
Textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs

Imports Partners:
France 19.8%, Italy 16.7%, Germany 7.3%, China 6%, Spain 5.3%, Algeria 4.4%

Exports:
$17.46 billion

Exports Commodities:
Clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment

Exports Partners:
France 26.2%, Italy 16%, Germany 9.4%, Libya 7.6%, US 4.3%

Western Sahara (Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic) Laayoune (administrative center) 554,795

Area:
266,000 km2

GDP (PPP):
$906.5 million

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,500

Language:
Standard Arabic (national), Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic

Religion:
Muslim

Monetary Unit:
Moroccan dirham, Algerian dinar, Mauritanian ouguiya, Sahrawi peseta

West Africa (18)

Country Capital City Population Member Companies
Benin (Republic of Benin) Porto-Novo 10,160,556

Area:
112,622 km2

GDP (PPP):
$16.65 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,600

Language:
French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages

Religion:
Catholic 27.1%, Muslim 24.4%, Vodoun 17.3%, Protestant 10.4% (Celestial 5%, Methodist 3.2%, other Protestant 2.2%), other Christian 5.3%, other 15.5%

Monetary Unit:
West African CFA franc (XOF)

Imports:
$1.835 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, capital goods, petroleum products

Imports Partners:
China 37.2%, US 8.9%, India 6.7%, France 5.6%, Malaysia 5.3%

Exports:
$1.108 billion

Exports Commodities:
Cotton, cashews, shea butter, textiles, palm products, seafood

Exports Partners:
China 25%, India 23.5%, Lebanon 18.7%, Niger 4.3%, Nigeria 4%

Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 18,365,123

Area:
274,200 km2

GDP (PPP):
$26.51 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,500

Language:
French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population

Religion:
Muslim 60.5%, Catholic 19%, animist 15.3%, Protestant 4.2%, other 0.6%, none 0.4%

Monetary Unit:
West African CFA franc[6] (XOF)

Imports:
$2.941 billion

Imports Commodities:
Capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum

Imports Partners:
Cote d'Ivoire 17.6%, France 15.2%, Ghana 4.8%, Togo 4.4%

Exports:
$2.844 billion

Exports Commodities:
Gold, cotton, livestock

Exports Partners:
China 25.9%, Turkey 24.8%, Belgium 5.2%

Cameroon (Republic of Cameroon) Yaounde 23,130,708 KPMG, Sunergy AS, Grenor Kamerun AS, Yara International,

Area:
475,440 km2

GDP (PPP):
$53.16 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,400

Language:
24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Religion:
Indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

Monetary Unit:
Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Imports:
$6.795 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food

Imports Partners:
China 18.7%, France 14.9%, Nigeria 12.3%, Belgium 5.2%, US 4.4%, India 4.2%

Exports:
$6.002 billion

Exports Commodities:
Crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton

Exports Partners:
China 15.2%, Netherlands 9.7%, Spain 9.1%, India 8.6%, Portugal 8.1%, Italy 6%, US 5.5%, France 4%

Cape Verde (Republic of Cape Verde) Praia 538,535

Area:
4,033 km2

GDP (PPP):
$2.222 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$4,400

Language:
Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)

Religion:
Roman Catholic 77.3%, Protestant 3.7%, other Christian 4.3%, Muslim 1.8%, other 1.3%, none 10.8%, unspecified 0.7%

Monetary Unit:
Cape Verdean Escudo (CVE)

Imports:
$796.3 million

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels

Imports Partners:
Portugal 38.1%, Netherlands 21.5%, China 7.9%, Spain 7%

Exports:
$159.9 million

Exports Commodities:
Fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides

Exports Partners:
Spain 66.9%, Portugal 13.9%, US 5%

Chad (Republic of Chad) N'Djamena 11,412,107

Area:
1,284,000 km2

GDP (PPP):
$28 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,500

Language:
French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects

Religion:
Muslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, animist 7.3%, other 0.5%, unknown 1.7%, atheist 3.1%

Monetary Unit:
Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Imports:
$2.701 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles

Imports Partners:
China 20.2%, Cameroon 18.2%, France 16.1%, Saudi Arabia 5.6%, US 4.2%

Exports:
$3.865 billion

Exports Commodities:
Oil, cattle, cotton, gum arabic

Exports Partners:
US 81.9%, China 6.7%

Gambia (Republic of The Gambia) Banjul 1,925,527

Area:
11,295 km2

GDP (PPP):
$3.678 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,000

Language:
English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars

Religion:
Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2%

Monetary Unit:
Dalasi (GMD)

Imports:
$359.7 million

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment

Imports Partners:
China 27.6%, Senegal 8.5%, Brazil 8.1%, UK 6.4%, India 6.1%, Indonesia 4.1%

Exports:
$113.2 million

Exports Commodities:
Peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels

Exports Partners:
China 57.1%, India 18.6%, France 4.6%, UK 4%

Ghana (Republic of Ghana) Accra 25,758,108 WA Fish Farmers AS, Aker Solutions, DNV GL, WA Fish Farmers AS, KPMG, APSD Ghana Ltd., Jacobsen Elektro AS, Jotun, DLA Piper, Yara International,

Area:
238,533 km2

GDP (PPP):
$90.41 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$3,500

Language:
Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1%

Religion:
Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2%

Monetary Unit:
Ghana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)

Imports:
$18.49 billion

Imports Commodities:
Capital equipment, refined petroleum, foodstuffs

Imports Partners:
China 25.6%, Nigeria 11%, US 7%, Netherlands 6.2%, Singapore 4.5%, UK 4.1%, India 4%

Exports:
$13.37 billion

Exports Commodities:
Oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products

Exports Partners:
France 13.6%, Italy 12.4%, Netherlands 8.9%, China 7.4%, Germany 4.3%

Guinea (Republic of Guinea) Conakry 11,474,383

Area:
245,857 km2

GDP (PPP):
$12.56 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,100

Language:
French (official), each ethnic group has its own language

Religion:
Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%

Monetary Unit:
Guinean franc (GNF)

Imports:
$2.384 billion

Imports Commodities:
Petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs

Imports Partners:
China 14.2%, Netherlands 7.6%

Exports:
$1.31 billion

Exports Commodities:
Bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products

Exports Partners:
India 10.6%, Spain 9.6%, Chile 9.4%, US 7.1%, Ireland 6.3%, Germany 6.3%, Ukraine 5.7%, France 5%

Guinea-Bissau (Republic of Guinea-Bissau) Bissau 1,693,398

Area:
36,125 km2

GDP (PPP):
$2.005 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,200

Language:
Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages

Religion:
Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 10%

Monetary Unit:
West African CFA franc (XOF)

Imports:
$206.4 million

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products

Imports Partners:
Portugal 28.8%, Senegal 17.5%, US 7.3%, China 5%

Exports:
$147.6 million

Exports Commodities:
Fish, shrimp; cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn lumber

Exports Partners:
India 56.5%, Nigeria 27.1%, Togo 5.9%

Ivory Coast (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire) Yamoussoukro 22,848,945 KPMG, Yara International,

Area:
322,463 km2

GDP (PPP):
$43.67 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,800

Language:
French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken

Religion:
Muslim 38.6%, Christian 32.8%, indigenous 11.9%, none 16.7%

Monetary Unit:
West African CFA franc (XOF)

Imports:
$9.859 billion

Imports Commodities:
Fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs

Imports Partners:
Nigeria 25%, France 11%, China 7.2%

Exports:
$12.96 billion

Exports Commodities:
Cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish

Exports Partners:
Netherlands 8.8%, US 8.1%, Nigeria 8%, Germany 7.5%, France 4.5%, Canada 4.2%

Liberia (Republic of Liberia) Monrovia 4,092,310

Area:
111,369 km2

GDP (PPP):
$2.898 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$700

Language:
English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence

Religion:
Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.4%

Monetary Unit:
Liberian dollara (LRD)

Imports:
$2.457 billion

Imports Commodities:
Fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; foodstuffs

Imports Partners:
South Korea 26.7%, China 24.4%, Singapore 23.2%, Japan 16.1%

Exports:
$929.8 million

Exports Commodities:
Rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee

Exports Partners:
China 24%, US 15.3%, Spain 11%, Algeria 6.5%, Thailand 4.5%, Malaysia 4.1%, France 4%

Mali (Republic of Mali) Bamako 16,455,903 Makata Investment Services,

Area:
1,240,192 km2

GDP (PPP):
$18.9 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,100

Language:
French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, unspecified 0.6%, other 8.5%

Religion:
Muslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3%

Monetary Unit:
West African CFA franc (XOF)

Imports:
$2.895 billion

Imports Commodities:
Petroleum, machinery and equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs, textiles

Imports Partners:
France 11.2%, Senegal 9.9%, Cote dIvoire 8.7%, China 8.6%

Exports:
$2.577 billion

Exports Commodities:
Cotton, gold, livestock

Exports Partners:
China 52.9%, Malaysia 11%, Indonesia 5.3%, India 4.1%

Mauritania (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) Nouakchott 3,516,806

Area:
1,030,700 km2

GDP (PPP):
$8.204 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,200

Language:
Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya (a variety of Arabic)

Religion:
Muslim (official) 100%

Monetary Unit:
Ouguiya (MRO)

Imports:
$3.355 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Imports Partners:
China 12.9%, Netherlands 10.5%, US 7.8%, France 7.8%, Brazil 5.6%, Germany 5.5%, Spain 5.1%, Belgium 4.7%

Exports:
$2.728 billion

Exports Commodities:
Iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper, petroleum

Exports Partners:
China 50.5%, Italy 7.8%, Japan 7.3%, France 4.9%, Spain 4.2%, Cote dIvoire 4.1%, Netherlands 4%

Niger (Republic of Niger) Niamey 17,466,172 Makata Investment Services,

Area:
1,267,000 km2

GDP (PPP):
$13.98 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$800

Language:
French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Religion:
Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%

Monetary Unit:
West African CFA franc (XOF)

Imports:
$2.314 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals

Imports Partners:
France 14.4%, China 11.3%, Nigeria 10.1%, French Polynesia 9.2%, Togo 5.1%, Cote dIvoire 4.5%

Exports:
$1.539 billion

Exports Commodities:
Uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions

Exports Partners:
Nigeria 40.3%, US 17.2%, India 14.3%, Italy 8.6%, China 7.8%, Ghana 5.3%

Nigeria (Federal Republic of Nigeria) Abuja 177,155,754 Atlas Merchant Capital, Mara Group, Boston Consulting Group, North Corporate AS, Yinson Production AS, DNV GL, Frank Partners, Femi Sunmonu & Associates, KPMG, Marine Platforms,

Area:
923,768 km2

GDP (PPP):
$478.5 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,800

Language:
English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani,

Religion:
Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

Monetary Unit:
Naira (₦) (NGN)

Imports:
$55.98 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals

Imports Partners:
China 18.3%, US 10.1%, India 5.5%

Exports:
$93.55 billion

Exports Commodities:
Petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber

Exports Partners:
US 16.8%, India 11.5%, Netherlands 8.6%, Spain 7.8%, Brazil 7.6%, UK 5.1%, Germany 4.9%, Japan 4.1%, France 4.1%

Senegal (Republic of Senegal) Dakar 13,635,927 Carbon Wealth AB, KPMG, Differ,

Area:
196,722 km2

GDP (PPP):
$27.72 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,100

Language:
French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Religion:
Muslim 94% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%

Monetary Unit:
Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Imports:
$5.61 billion

Imports Commodities:
Food and beverages, capital goods, fuels

Imports Partners:
France 16.2%, Nigeria 12.9%, India 6.3%, China 6.3%, UK 4.6%

Exports:
$2.691 billion

Exports Commodities:
Fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton

Exports Partners:
Mali 14.4%, Switzerland 14.1%, India 11.9%, France 4.7%, Guinea 4.2%

Sierra Leone (Republic of Sierra Leone) Freetown 5,743,725 KPMG, Makata Investment Services,

Area:
71,740 km2

GDP (PPP):
$9.156 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,400

Language:
English, Mende, Temne, Krio,

Religion:
Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%

Monetary Unit:
Leone (SLL)

Imports:
$1.637 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants, chemicals

Imports Partners:
China 16.5%, India 10.2%, South Africa 7.6%, US 6.7%, UK 6.7%, Belgium 4.6%

Exports:
$1.563 billion

Exports Commodities:
Diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish

Exports Partners:
China 51.1%, Belgium 18.2%, Japan 7.7%, Turkey 4.8%

Togo (Togolese Republic) Lome 7,351,374 KPMG,

Area:
56,785 km2

GDP (PPP):
$7.348 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,100

Language:
French (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)

Religion:
Christian 29%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 51%

Monetary Unit:
CFA franc (XOF)

Imports:
$1.677 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products

Imports Partners:
China 40.4%, Netherlands 7.9%, France 5.4%, UK 5.3%

Exports:
$982.2 million

Exports Commodities:
Reexports, cotton, phosphates, coffee, cocoa

Exports Partners:
India 14.2%, Lebanon 10.6%, Burkina Faso 7.6%, Benin 7.5%, China 6.1%, Niger 5.8%, Netherlands 5.2%, Ghana 4.4%

Central Africa (6)

Country Capital City Population Member Companies
Central African Republic Bangui 5,277,959

Area:
622,984 km2

GDP (PPP):
$3.336 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$700

Language:
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages

Religion:
Indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%

Monetary Unit:
Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Imports:
$218.6 million

Imports Commodities:
Food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals

Imports Partners:
Netherlands 20.3%, France 9.7%, Cameroon 9.1%, South Korea 9.1%

Exports:
$138.9 million

Exports Commodities:
Diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee

Exports Partners:
Belgium 31.7%, China 27.9%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 7.8%, Indonesia 5.2%, France 4.5%

Congo (Republic of the Congo) Brazzaville 4,662,446 Aker Solutions, KPMG,

Area:
342 000 km2

GDP (PPP):
$20.26 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$4,800

Language:
French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)

Religion:
Roman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3%

Monetary Unit:
Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Imports:
$4.297 billion

Imports Commodities:
Capital equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs

Imports Partners:
France 19.5%, China 13.5%, Brazil 9.1%, US 6.1%, India 5.8%, Italy 4.8%, Belgium 4.4%

Exports:
$9.912 billion

Exports Commodities:
Petroleum, lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds

Exports Partners:
China 39%, US 13%, France 9.5%, Australia 8.8%, Netherlands 6.8%, Spain 5.3%, India 5.2%

Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 77,433,744 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, MeTL Group, Oslofjord Ressurspark, KPMG,

Area:
2,344,858 km2

GDP (PPP):
$29.39 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$400

Language:
French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

Religion:
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%

Monetary Unit:
Congolese francs (CDF)

Imports:
$8.924 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels

Imports Partners:
South Africa 22.3%, China 15.3%, Belgium 8%, Zambia 6.9%, Zimbabwe 5.6%, France 4.9%, Kenya 4.7% (2012)

Exports:
$9.936 billion

Exports Commodities:
Diamonds, copper, gold, cobalt, wood products, crude oil, coffee

Exports Partners:
China 54.3%, Zambia 22.6%, Belgium 5.7% (2012)

Equatorial Guinea (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) Malabo 722,254

Area:
28,051 km2

GDP (PPP):
$19.68 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$25,700

Language:
Spanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4%

Religion:
Nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

Monetary Unit:
Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Imports:
$7.943 billion

Imports Commodities:
Petroleum sector equipment, other equipment, construction materials, vehicles

Imports Partners:
Spain 18.4%, China 17.4%, US 11.1%, France 8%, Italy 5.9%, Cote dIvoire 5.3%, Brazil 4.4%

Exports:
$15.44 billion

Exports Commodities:
Petroleum products, timber

Exports Partners:
Japan 18.8%, France 16.1%, China 11.7%, US 11.3%, Netherlands 7.2%, Spain 7.1%, Italy 5.1%

Gabon (Gabonese Republic) Libreville 1,672,597 Yinson Production AS,

Area:
267,667 km2

GDP (PPP):
$30.06 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$19,200

Language:
French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Religion:
Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%

Monetary Unit:
Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Imports:
$3.934 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials

Imports Partners:
France 28.2%, China 12.6%, US 9.4%, Belgium 5.8%, Cameroon 4.3%

Exports:
$9.777 billion

Exports Commodities:
Crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium

Exports Partners:
Japan 24.1%, US 17%, Australia 11.3%, India 7.4%, China 5.4%, Spain 4.1%

Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome 190,428

Area:
964 km2

GDP (PPP):
$421 million

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,200

Language:
Portuguese 98.4% (official), Forro 36.2%, Cabo Verdian 8.5%, French 6.8%, Angolar 6.6%, English 4.9%, Lunguie 1%, other (including sign language) 2.4%

Religion:
Catholic 55.7%, Adventist 4.1%, Assembly of God 3.4%, New Apostolic 2.9%, Mana 2.3%, Universal Kingdom of God 2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 6.2%, none 21.2%, unspecified 1%

Monetary Unit:
Dobra (STD)

Imports:
$112.8 million

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products

Imports Partners:
Portugal 63.1%, Gabon 5.4%

Exports:
$12.1 million

Exports Commodities:
Cocoa 80%, copra, coffee, palm oil

Exports Partners:
Netherlands 33.3%, Belgium 21.8%, Spain 11%, Nigeria 5.6%, US 5.1%

East Africa (15)

Country Capital City Population Member Companies
Burundi (Republic of Burundi) Bujumbura 10,395,931 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, MeTL Group, Hauge Micro Finance AS, Makata Investment Services, Norway Registers Development AS, Arntzen de Besche, DLA Piper,

Area:
27,830 km2

GDP (PPP):
$5.75 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$600

Language:
Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area), English

Religion:
Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9%

Monetary Unit:
Burundian franc (FBU) (BIF)

Imports:
$867.2 million

Imports Commodities:
Capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs

Imports Partners:
Saudi Arabia 11.3%, Belgium 10.1%, China 9.1%, India 7.9%, Tanzania 6.5%, Kenya 6%, Uganda 5.7%, Zambia 4.6%, US 4.1%

Exports:
$122.8 million

Exports Commodities:
Coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides

Exports Partners:
Switzerland 23.9%, UK 12.9%, Belgium 7.4%, Pakistan 7.4%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 7.4%, Uganda 5.6%, Germany 5.2%, China 4.9%, Egypt 4.7%

Comoros (Union of the Comoros) Moroni 766,865 COMESA Regional Investment Agency,

Area:
2,235 km2

GDP (PPP):
$911 million

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,300

Language:
Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Religion:
Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%

Monetary Unit:
Comorian franc (KMF)

Imports:
$208.8 million

Imports Commodities:
Rice and other foodstuffs, consumer goods, petroleum products, cement, transport equipment

Imports Partners:
Pakistan 15.7%, France 14.2%, UAE 11.5%, India 8.5%, China 6.7%, Kenya 5.3%, Singapore 5.2%

Exports:
$19.7 million

Exports Commodities:
Vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), cloves, copra

Exports Partners:
Netherlands 58.6%, Singapore 10.6%, Turkey 9.3%, France 5.6%, India 5%

Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti) Djibouti 810,179 COMESA Regional Investment Agency,

Area:
23,200 km2

GDP (PPP):
$2.505 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,700

Language:
French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Religion:
Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

Monetary Unit:
Djiboutian franc (DJF)

Imports:
$2.505 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products

Imports Partners:
China 24.4%, Saudi Arabia 16.4%, India 10.6%, Indonesia 7.3%

Exports:
$90.8 million

Exports Commodities:
Reexports, hides and skins, coffee

Exports Partners:
Somalia 80.1%, UAE 4.4%, Yemen 4.1%

Eritrea (State of Eritrea) Asmara 6,380,803 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, Makata Investment Services,

Area:
117,600 km2

GDP (PPP):
$4.717 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,200

Language:
Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages

Religion:
Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Monetary Unit:
Nakfa (ERN)

Imports:
$1.027 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery, petroleum products, food, manufactured goods

Exports:
$496.2 million

Exports Commodities:
Livestock, sorghum, textiles, food, small manufactures

Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) Addis Ababa 96,633,458 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, Partnership for Change (PfC), MeTL Group, Makata Investment Services, Jacobsen Elektro AS, Mester Grønn, Multiconsult AS, DLA Piper,

Area:
1,104,300 km2

GDP (PPP):
$118.2 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,300

Language:
Oromo (official working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official national language) 29.3%, Somali (official working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic

Religion:
Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.5%, traditional 2.7%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.6%

Monetary Unit:
Birr (ETB)

Imports:
$10.68 billion

Imports Commodities:
Food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles

Imports Partners:
China 13.1%, US 11%, Saudi Arabia 8.4%, India 5.4%

Exports:
$3.214 billion

Exports Commodities:
Coffee, khat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds

Exports Partners:
China 13%, Germany 10.8%, US 8%, Belgium 7.7%, Saudi Arabia 7.6%

Kenya (Republic of Kenya) Nairobi 45,010,056 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, MeTL Group, Frank Partners, KPMG, Differ, Makata Investment Services, BRIGHT Products, Safi International AS, Basecamp Explorer, Mester Grønn,

Area:
580,367 km2

GDP (PPP):
$79.9 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,800

Language:
English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages

Religion:
Christian 82.5% (Protestant 47.4%, Catholic 23.3%, other 11.8%), Muslim 11.1%, Traditionalists 1.6%, other 1.7%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.7%

Monetary Unit:
Kenyan shilling (KES)

Imports:
$15.86 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics

Imports Partners:
India 20.9%, China 15.4%, UAE 9.8%, Saudi Arabia 6.9%

Exports:
$6.58 billion

Exports Commodities:
Tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement

Exports Partners:
Uganda 10.3%, Tanzania 10%, Netherlands 7.7%, UK 7.2%, US 6.3%, Egypt 4.8%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 4.4%

Madagascar (Republic of Madagascar) Antananarivo 23,201,926 COMESA Regional Investment Agency,

Area:
587,041 km2

GDP (PPP):
$22.03 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,000

Language:
French (official), Malagasy (official), English

Religion:
Indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%

Monetary Unit:
Malagasy ariary (MGA)

Imports:
$2.794 billion

Imports Commodities:
Capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food

Imports Partners:
China 17.7%, France 12.4%, South Africa 5.3%, India 5.1%, Mauritius 5%, Bahrain 4.7%, Kuwait 4.6%

Exports:
$644.4 million

Exports Commodities:
Coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products

Exports Partners:
France 23.4%, China 6.6%, US 6.6%, Singapore 5.9%, Canada 5.5%, Germany 5.4%, Indonesia 5.3%, India 5.2%, South Africa 4.5%

Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius) Port Louis 1,331,155 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, DLA Piper,

Area:
2,040 km2

GDP (PPP):
$20.95 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$16,100

Language:
Creole 86.5%, Bhojpuri 5.3%, French 4.1%, two languages 1.4%, other 2.6%

Religion:
Hindu 48.5%, Roman Catholic 26.3%, Muslim 17.3%, other Christian 6.4%, other 0.6%, none 0.7%, unspecified 0.1%

Monetary Unit:
Mauritian rupee (MUR)

Imports:
$4.953 billion

Imports Commodities:
Manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals

Imports Partners:
India 23.1%, China 16%, France 8.5%, South Africa 6.5%

Exports:
$2.788 billion

Exports Commodities:
Clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fish, primates (for research)

Exports Partners:
UK 19.3%, France 16.4%, US 9.9%, South Africa 9.8%, Spain 7.5%, Italy 6.9%, Madagascar 6.8%

Rwanda (Republic of Rwanda) Kigali 12,337,138 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, MeTL Group, Atlas Merchant Capital, Mara Group, Makata Investment Services, Norway Registers Development AS, Scatec Solar, DLA Piper,

Area:
26,338 km2

GDP (PPP):
$16.37 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,500

Language:
Kinyarwanda, French, English, Swahili

Religion:
Roman Catholic 49.5%, Protestant 39.4% (includes Adventist 12.2% and other Protestant 27.2%), other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 1.8%, animist 0.1%, other 0.6%, none 3.6%

Monetary Unit:
Rwandan franc (RWF)

Imports:
$1.937 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, steel, petroleum products, cement and construction material

Imports Partners:
Kenya 17.3%, Uganda 15.6%, UAE 8.9%, China 7.2%, India 5.6%, Tanzania 5%, Belgium 4.5%, Canada 4.1%

Exports:
$538.3 million

Exports Commodities:
Coffee, tea, hides, tin ore

Exports Partners:
Kenya 30.5%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 12.2%, China 12.1%, Malaysia 10.7%, US 5.8%, Swaziland 4.9%

Seychelles (Republic of Seychelles) Victoria 91.650 COMESA Regional Investment Agency,

Area:
455 km2

GDP (PPP):
$2.404 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$25,900

Language:
Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4%

Religion:
Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.6% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecoastal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.6), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9%

Monetary Unit:
Seychellois rupee (SCR

Imports:
$846.4 million

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, other manufactured goods

Imports Partners:
Saudi Arabia 24%, Spain 12.1%, France 5.9%

Exports:
$516.7 million

Exports Commodities:
Canned tuna, frozen fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports)

Exports Partners:
France 27.7%, UK 17.6%, Japan 15.2%, Italy 10.6%

Somalia (Somali Republic) Mogadishu 10,428,043

Area:
637,657 km2

GDP (PPP):
$5.896 billion (2012)

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$600 (2010)

Language:
Somali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English

Religion:
Sunni Muslim (Islam)

Monetary Unit:
Somali shilling (SOS)

Imports:
$1.263 billion (2010)

Imports Commodities:
Manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, qat

Imports Partners:
Djibouti 27.3%, India 13.2%, Kenya 7.1%, China 6.7%, Pakistan 6.4%, Oman 5.1%, UAE 5%, Yemen 4.4%

Exports:
$515.8 million (2012)

Exports Commodities:
Livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal

Exports Partners:
UAE 51.7%, Yemen 18.1%, Oman 13%

South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan) Juba 11,562,695 Partnership for Change (PfC), MeTL Group, Atlas Merchant Capital, Bridge Consult, Arntzen de Besche,

Area:
644,329 km2

GDP (PPP):
$14.71 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,400

Language:
English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk

Religion:
animist, Christian

Monetary Unit:
South Sudanese pound (SSP)

Sudan (Republic of Sudan) Khartoum 35,482,233 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, Jotun,

Area:
1,861,484 km2

GDP (PPP):
$89.97 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,600

Language:
Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur

Religion:
Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority

Monetary Unit:
Sudanese pound (SDG)

Imports:
$5.941 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines and chemicals, textiles, wheat

Imports Partners:
Macau 18.1%, India 8.8%, Saudi Arabia 7.9%, Egypt 6.7%, UAE 5.2%

Exports:
$4.145 billion

Exports Commodities:
Gold, oil and petroleum products, cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum arabic, sugar

Exports Partners:
UAE 63.2%, Saudi Arabia 9.2%, Ethiopia 5.3%

Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania) Dodoma 49,639,138 MeTL Group, Atlas Merchant Capital, Mara Group, KPMG, Makata Investment Services, Bridge Consult, Safi International AS, Norway Registers Development AS, Jacobsen Elektro AS, Green Resources,

Area:
947,300 km2

GDP (PPP):
$79.29 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,700

Language:
Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages

Religion:
mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

Monetary Unit:
Tanzanian shilling (TZS)

Imports:
$11.16 billion

Imports Commodities:
Consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil

Imports Partners:
China 21.3%, India 16.3%, South Africa 6.4%, Kenya 6%, UAE 5%

Exports:
$5.92 billion

Exports Commodities:
Gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton

Exports Partners:
India 15.2%, China 11.1%, Japan 6.2%, Germany 5.1%, UAE 4.8%

Uganda (Republic of Uganda) Kampala 35,918,915 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, MeTL Group, East African Petroleum Services AS, KPMG, Makata Investment Services, Norway Registers Development AS, Design without Borders, Jacobsen Elektro AS, Green Resources, Laboremus AS,

Area:
241,038 km2

GDP (PPP):
$54.37 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,500

Language:
English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Religion:
Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9%

Monetary Unit:
Ugandan shilling (UGX)

Imports:
$4.858 billion

Imports Commodities:
Capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals

Imports Partners:
Kenya 15.6%, UAE 15.4%, China 12.8%, India 11.7%, South Africa 4.1%, Japan 4%

Exports:
$3.156 billion

Exports Commodities:
Coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products; gold

Exports Partners:
Kenya 12.3%, Rwanda 10.3%, UAE 10.2%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 9.4%, Netherlands 6.1%, Germany 5.6%, Italy 4.4%

Southern Africa (10)

Country Capital City Population Member Companies
Angola (Republic of Angola) Luanda 19,088,106 (2014) Boston Consulting Group, DNV GL, Frank Partners, KPMG, Makata Investment Services, Statoil,

Area:
1,246,700 km2

GDP (PPP):
$131.8 billion (2013)

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$6,300 (2013)

Language:
Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

Religion:
ndigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998)

Monetary Unit:
Kwanza (AOA)

Imports:
$26.09 billion (2013)

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods

Imports Partners:
China 20.9%, Portugal 19.5%, US 7.7%, South Africa 7.1%, Brazil 5.9% (2012)

Exports:
$70.84 billion (2013)

Exports Commodities:
Crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton

Exports Partners:
China 46.3%, US 13.9%, India 10.1%, South Africa 4.2% (2012)

Botswana (Republic of Botswana) Gaborone 2,155,784 Atlas Merchant Capital, Mara Group, KPMG, DLA Piper,

Area:
581,730 km2

GDP (PPP):
$34 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$16,400

Language:
Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English (official) 2.1%, other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4%

Religion:
Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6%

Monetary Unit:
Pula (BWP)

Imports:
$7.389 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs, machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products, wood and paper products, metal and metal products

Exports:
$7.569 billion

Exports Commodities:
Diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles

Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho) Maseru 1,942,008

Area:
30,355 km2

GDP (PPP):
$4.265 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$2,200

Language:
Sesotho (official) (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa

Religion:
Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%

Monetary Unit:
Lesotho loti (LSL)

Imports:
$2.148 billion

Imports Commodities:
Food, building materials, vehicles, machinery, medicines, petroleum products

Exports:
$941.2 million

Exports Commodities:
Manufactures (clothing, footwear), wool and mohair, food and live animals, electricity, water, diamonds

Malawi (Republic of Malawi) Lilongwe 17,377,468 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, MeTL Group, KPMG,

Area:
118,484 km2

GDP (PPP):
$15.02 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$900

Language:
English (official), Chichewa (common), Chinyanja, Chiyao, Chitumbuka, Chilomwe, Chinkhonde, Chingoni, Chisena, Chitonga, Chinyakyusa, Chilambya

Religion:
Christian 82.6%, Muslim 13%, other 1.9%, none 2.5%

Monetary Unit:
Kwacha (D) (MWK)

Imports:
$2.42 billion

Imports Commodities:
Food, petroleum products, semi-manufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment

Imports Partners:
South Africa 27%, China 16.6%, India 8.7%, Zambia 8.5%, Tanzania 5.1%, US 4.3%

Exports:
$1.427 billion

Exports Commodities:
Tobacco 53%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel

Exports Partners:
Canada 10.6%, Zimbabwe 9.3%, Germany 7.3%, South Africa 6.6%, Russia 6.5%, US 6.1%, China 4.2%

Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique) Maputo 24,692,144 MeTL Group, Atlas Merchant Capital, Mara Group, KPMG, Makata Investment Services, SN Power, Green Resources, Havforskningsinstituttet, DLA Piper, Norfund,

Area:
799,380 km2

GDP (PPP):
$28.15 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,200

Language:
Emakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%, other 4%

Religion:
Roman Catholic 28.4%, Muslim 17.9%, Zionist Christian 15.5%, Protestant 12.2% (includes Pentecostal 10.9% and Anglican 1.3%), other 6.7%, none 18.7%, unspecified 0.7%

Monetary Unit:
Mozambican metical (MZN)

Imports:
$7.068 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, chemicals, metal products, foodstuffs, textiles

Imports Partners:
South Africa 30.5%, China 12.3%, India 11.6%, US 5.1%, Portugal 4.8%, Australia 4.5%

Exports:
$3.92 billion

Exports Commodities:
Aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber; bulk electricity

Exports Partners:
South Africa 31.3%, Belgium 12.8%, China 9%, Italy 7.9%, Spain 6.2%, India 5.8%

Namibia (Republic of Namibia) Windhoek 2,198,406 KPMG, DLA Piper,

Area:
824,292 km2

GDP (PPP):
$17.79 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$8,200

Language:
Oshiwambo languages 48.9%, Nama/Damara 11.3%, Afrikaans 10.4% (common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population), Otjiherero languages 8.6%, Kavango languages 8.5%, Caprivi languages 4.8%, English (official) 3.4%, other African languages 2.3%, other 1.7%

Religion:
Christian 80% to 90% (at least 50% Lutheran), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%

Monetary Unit:
Namibian dollar (NAD)

Imports:
$7.084 billion

Imports Commodities:
Foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals

Exports:
$5.124 billion

Exports Commodities:
Diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, white fish and mollusks

Exports Partners:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/00/Flag_of_Namibia.svg

South Africa (Republic of South Africa) Pretoria (administrative capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital) 48,375,645 Kverneland Group, Atlas Merchant Capital, Boston Consulting Group, DNV GL, Frank Partners, SR Maharaj Attorneys, KPMG, BRIGHT Products, Scatec Solar, Spear Capital,

Area:
1,219,090 km2

GDP (PPP):
$595.7 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$11,500

Language:
IsiZulu (official) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official) 16%, Afrikaans (official) 13.5%, English (official) 9.6%, Sepedi (official) 9.1%, Setswana (official) 8%, Sesotho (official) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official) 4.5%, siSwati (official) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6%

Religion:
Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1%

Monetary Unit:
South African rand (ZAR)

Imports:
$99.55 billion

Imports Commodities:
machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs

Imports Partners:
China 14.4%, Germany 10.1%, Saudi Arabia 7.7%, US 7.4%, Japan 4.6%, India 4.5%

Exports:
$91.05 billion

Exports Commodities:
gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment

Exports Partners:
China 11.8%, US 8.3%, Japan 6%, Germany 5.7%, India 4.2%

Swaziland (Kingdom of Swaziland) Mbabane; note - Lobamba is the royal and legislative capital 1,419,623 COMESA Regional Investment Agency,

Area:
17,364 km2

GDP (PPP):
$6.259 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$5,700

Language:
English (official, used for government business), siSwati (official)

Religion:
Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%

Monetary Unit:
South African rand, Swazi lilangeni (SZL)

Imports:
$1.545 billion

Imports Commodities:
Motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals

Exports:
$1.603 billion

Exports Commodities:
Soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit

Zambia (Republic of Zambia) Lusaka 14,638,505 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, MeTL Group, Atlas Merchant Capital, Mara Group, KPMG, Differ, SN Power, DLA Piper,

Area:
752,618 km2

GDP (PPP):
$25.47 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$1,800

Language:
Bembe 33.4%, Nyanja 14.7%, Tonga 11.4%, Chewa 4.5%, Lozi 5.5%, Nsenga 2.9%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (North Western) 1.9%, Kaonde 1.8%, Lala 1.8%, Lamba 1.8%, English (official) 1.7%, Luvale 1.5%, Mambwe 1.3%, Namwanga 1.2%, Lenje 1.1%, Bisa 1%, other 9.4%, unspecified 0.4%

Religion:
Protestant 75.3%, Roman Catholic 20.2%, other 2.7% (includes Muslim Buddhist, Hindu, and Baha'i), none 1.8%

Monetary Unit:
Zambian kwacha (ZMW)

Imports:
$8.216 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer, foodstuffs, clothing

Imports Partners:
South Africa 36.7%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 19.8%, China 10.4%, Kuwait 6%

Exports:
$8.547 billion

Exports Commodities:
Copper/cobalt, cobalt, electricity; tobacco, flowers, cotton

Exports Partners:
China 43.4%, South Africa 7.2%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 6.7%, South Korea 5.4%, India 4.7%, UAE 4.3%, Egypt 4.1%

Zimbabwe (Republic of Zimbabwe) Harare 13,771,721 COMESA Regional Investment Agency, Atlas Merchant Capital, Mara Group, KPMG,

Area:
390,757 km2

GDP (PPP):
$7.496 billion

GDP Per Capita (PPP):
$600

Language:
English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects

Religion:
syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%

Monetary Unit:
United States Dollar

Imports:
$4.571 billion

Imports Commodities:
Machinery and transport equipment, other manufactures, chemicals, fuels, food products

Imports Partners:
South Africa 51.9%, China 10%

Exports:
$3.144 billion

Exports Commodities:
Platinum, cotton, tobacco, gold, ferroalloys, textiles/clothing

Exports Partners:
China 21.1%, South Africa 15.1%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 12.1%, Botswana 10.8%, Italy 4.6%